The Turkish volcano Montserrat was one of the world’s biggest volcanoes, spewing out ash and lava from its peaks in central Anatolia.
Its eruption in 1915 sparked the deadly plague pandemic, which spread across Europe, Asia and the Americas.
Its last eruption in 1999 sent a massive plume of ash into the atmosphere and destroyed more than 6,000 buildings, including churches and schools.
As the pandemic progressed, the Turkish government began building a network of treatment centres and clinics in Istanbul to treat the disease.
Now, thanks to a new program in which people pay to be treated for malaria in the volcano’s ash-covered hospital, more than 7,000 people have been treated for the disease, including some who were vaccinated against the disease in 2015.
This is one of only three times in the world that a volcano has helped spread the disease into a major city, according to the World Health Organization.
But even as the government hopes to eradicate malaria from the world, the pandemics have brought a new dimension to the phenomenon, and it is not clear whether the volcano is responsible for the resurgence.
“The reason for the spike in the number of cases is that it was a lot more active,” said Dr Mihir Hidayat, a virologist at Istanbul’s Bursa University.
“It’s a very old volcano.
It has an extremely long history.
And now it has another eruption.”
The first signs of the pandebox’s new powers came as a new batch of people began arriving at the hospital after their vaccination.
The eruption had been dormant for years, and as the pandemia spread, the number and quality of people arriving increased, as did the number who were treated.
As of December 2017, more people had been admitted to the hospital than in the previous year, according the government.
But this surge was more than temporary.
“We are seeing a sudden increase in cases,” said Hidayot.
“There are cases in the hospital now for people who came before.
And it’s not just people who had been vaccinated but also those who had not been vaccinated.”
As the epidemic spread, it was clear that the volcano was the source of the resurgence, said Hiyet Sultana, a senior scientist at the World Bank, which is working to find a solution.
“But we also noticed that some people had arrived after the eruption,” she said.
“That suggests to us that it’s possible that there may be other factors that are responsible.”
The new eruption in the mountain range was not the first time the volcano had released volcanic ash.
In the early 1800s, volcanic ash released from Montserat sent ash clouds into the sky, which then drifted across the Indian subcontinent and caused epidemics of yellow fever and smallpox in Europe and the Middle East.
In 1902, the ash plume blew over the Alps, triggering a massive pandemic in Italy, which led to a resurgence of the disease across Europe.
In 1915, an eruption near the top of the volcano sent ash and a plume that reached the city of Montserruat, where it was used to make charcoal for the construction of hospitals and hospitals in the town.
But by the end of the century, the volcano did not erupt again, and the ash was eventually collected and used as fertilizer.
Now it is no longer used to produce charcoal.
“This is the first volcanic eruption that we have seen that has affected the area that was covered by ash and plume,” said Sultna.
“So we have been monitoring it, and we have noticed a significant increase in the numbers of cases and the number treated.”
This summer, the government will begin sending samples of the ash into a laboratory to see if it can be used as a vaccine.
Sulta said she was optimistic that the government would soon be able to provide a vaccine against the pandepox, but she cautioned that it would take years to get a vaccine on the market.
“At the moment, we don’t have a vaccine for this type of pandemic,” she told Newsweek.
“And it is unlikely that it will be until 2019.”